Day 10: Domestic Violence and the legal system
Only 29% of women who had experienced severe abuse had reported it to An Garda Síochána.
[National Crime Council and ESRI, Domestic Abuse of Women and Men in Ireland, 2005]
In 2008, there were 10,401 applications for protective orders under the Domestic Violence Act (1996). 3,096 barring orders were applied for and 1,251 were granted. In the same year 1,502 Safety Orders were granted, 617 were refused and 1,209 struck out/withdrawn. 2,955 protection orders were granted whilst 256 were refused and 138 struck out/withdrawn.
[Central Statistics Office (2009) Court Services Statistics for 2008]
There were 1,184 incidents of Breaching Domestic Violence Orders Offences in 2006. This resulted in 349 convictions. 95% of persons convicted were male.
[Central Statistics Office (2008) Garda Recorded Crime Statistics 2003-2006]
National research carried out in 1999 found that between 1% and 6% of domestic violence offenders in Ireland receive a prison sentence.
[Kelleher & O’Connor, Safety and Sanctions, Women’s Aid, 1999]
Click here for a message of support from Senator Ivana Bacik and to read Karen’s story.
Day 11: Obstacles to Leaving
Almost a fifth (18%) of callers to the Women’s Aid National Freephone Helpline in 2008 disclosed that they were abused by an ex-spouse or partner. The types of abuse disclosed after the relationship has ended included: physical and sexual assaults, stalking, publicly humiliating the woman, and damage to her new home and property.
[Women’s Aid National Freephone Helpline & Support Services Annual Statistics 2008]
In 2008, women could not be accommodated at refuge on more than 1,722 recorded occasions..
[SAFE Ireland (2009) 2008 Annual Statistics]
In Making the Links, the single biggest reason why women did not leave violent partners was having nowhere to go (88%). 44% of women cited fear of further violence as their reason for not leaving.
[O’Connor, M, & Kelleher Associates, Making the Links, Women’s Aid, 1995]
30% of victims who disclosed being severely abused said that the abuse continued after the relationship had ended.
[National Crime Council & ESRI (2005) Domestic Abuse of Women and Men in Ireland]
Click here for a message of support from Sharon O’Halloran and to read Geraldine’s story.
Day 12: Trafficking & Sexual Exploitation
Between January 2007 and September 2008, 102 women were identified by ten services as being trafficked into or through Ireland. These women were aware of a further 64 women who were trafficked into Ireland. None of the 102 women knew they were specifically being recruited for the sex industry.
[Kelleher Associates (2009) Globalisation, Sex Trafficking and Prostitution: The Experiences of Migrant Women in Ireland, Dublin: Immigrant Council of Ireland.]
Approximately 800,000 people are trafficked across national borders. Approximately 80% of these people are women and girls and up to 50% are minors. The majority of these women and girls are trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation.
[Trafficking in Persons Report, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, US Department of State, June 2007]
The annual global profits made from human trafficking for forced commercial sexual exploitation are estimated at US$27.8billion.
[Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits Working Paper, ILO, Geneva, 2005]
1 in 15 men in Ireland reported that they buy sex. 25% of men who bought sex stated that they had met a woman who they felt was being forced into prostitution.
[Layte et al (2006) The Irish Study of Sexual Health & Relationships, Dublin: Crisis Pregnaqncy Agency & Department of Health & Children; Escort Surveys (2006) Irish Escort Client Surveys]
In a study of 30 women engaged in street prostitution in Dublin, 80% had been attacked while working in prostitution. Of these, nearly half (48%) had been assaulted by a partner.
[Haughey & Bacik (2000) Final Report: A Study of Prostitution in Dublin, Law School, Trinity College Dublin]
Click here for a message of support from Denise Charlton and to read Tatyana’s story.